What Is A Cyst And Why Does It Require A Treatment?
Posted By Lakeview Surgery
There are different types of cysts, but they often occur under and close to the surface of the skin. It’s an abnormal growth of tissue that forms a membrane, sectioning it off from regular cells and creating a pocket that can be filled with air, fluids, or other material, either foreign or originating from inside the body.
For example, a cyst can form around a hair follicle, becoming folliculitis, or it can even develop around the post of an earing. Many cysts are not visible from the surface, but it can be easily detected by applying pressure to the body, and if you find one, it feels like a pea under the skin. An abscess is much firmer since it’s filled with pus, and the general area will be more inflamed.
Facts about cysts
The size of cysts can vary from 0.5 to 10 cm in diameter. They can be found as:
- Ovarian cysts
- Skin cysts
- Breast cysts
- Polycystic kidney cysts
Most cysts are benign, although some cysts are cancerous. In the latter case, tumors may even develop around tumors.
What happens to an untreated cyst
A cyst is basically self contained, which means nothing gets in or out, and that sounds like a stable arrangement except for the fact that skin cells continue to grow and divide inside the cyst, causing it to balloon in size. A cyst can’t grow indefinitely without risking rupture, and since they’re often subcutaneous, the debris is dispersed locally within the body. A popped cyst causes inflammation, pain, and the possibility of infection.
What about scarring?
Scarring is fibrous tissue that the body makes to strengthen a wounded area so that it stays healed. Each time the cyst ruptures, there is additional buildup of scarring, which can often be seen from the surface of the skin. If you have a cyst that’s painful or located in a visible area, you should address it as soon as possible.
Treatment options include:
- An injection of cortisone medication, shrinking the cyst
- Surgical removal
- Flattening through the use of liquid nitrogen
- Antibiotics, in the case where bacterial infection is the cause
The severity of cysts vary, so if you notice an abnormal growth under the skin, you should consult a doctor. For skin cysts involving acne, it’s best to address the problem sooner rather than later. Call us today to learn more about how we can help!